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Andrew Yu | Voluntourism and 1KG

Many marvel at China’s bamboo shooting skyscrapers, but they might have overlooked the enchanting beauty in the rural areas of this country. Each year, tens of thousands of people travel to these regions. Andrew Yu is one of such many but the only who came up with “Voluntourism”, an innovative concept behind his social enterprise project “1KG”.

Andrew Yu (余志海), or An Zhu (安猪) by nick name, is a traveler who has been to most of the provinces in western China. In 2004, Andrew got his epiphany from what he saw at rural schools and started the 1KG project. The idea is to encourage people to take some small gifts to country kids on their trips. There are over 800 schools with registered information at the 1KG website, all uploaded and maintained by the community. Travelers can collaborate through the website. Andrew believes in the power that millions of people taking small steps can change the world, or “democratization of participation”. He advocates that every single human being has the capacity for charity, which should not be controlled by a small bunch of experts and big philanthropies.

1KG Website: 1kg.org
Andrew Yu’s blog: anzhu.net

TEDx1KG: Lijiang, Yunan, China  April 18th, 2010

Philanthropy in China’s Social and Historical Context

Thirty years of economic development in China made possible the emergence of a newly rich middle class in the city. Many rural residents, however, are still living on the edge or under the poverty line. From government to each unprivileged family, hope is put on education to pave way out of poverty. In 1989, Project Hope was initiated to help children whose families are too poor to afford a complete elementary school education. Being the largest and most influential non-governmental welfare project in China, it had financed education of more than 2.6 million poor rural students by the end of 2004. Despite its phenomenal success, financial and information resource constraints still widely existed as there are currently about 60 million children living in the vast rural areas. Among them, one third (20 million) are poverty-stricken. It is obvious that top down approach in public service plays an essential role, but it’s far less than enough.

Historically, China has been family-oriented rather than community-driven. Thus, relatively few philanthropic were giving outside of the family. In addition, Confucianism and Chinese Marxism promoted a culture in which social and political issues are viewed as being primarily the domain of the elite. A 2009 survey[1] by the China Social Entrepreneur Foundation and Horizon Research Consultancy Group even revealed that 63.3% of survey participants rarely talk to others about public welfare issues even though they are actively involved, and over 20% of respondents never discuss such issues. In such a reality, can the general public be mobilized?

Voluntourism Speaks to Genetic Human Needs and an Inspiring Younger Generation

Voluntourism refers to the idea that every traveler may help their destinations’ local rural communities. Contrary to traditional thinking, it advocates “casual philanthropy” that should be happy and fun without much commitment on time, money, and effort. Although as mentioned earlier, philanthropic activities are often carried out by conscientious individuals and have not become a collective action in China. It is, to a large extent, the narrow definition on philanthropy that restricted mass participation. Traditional Chinese philanthropy is often altruistic and one-way, carrying the lofty mission to return to the society and contribute to the homeland. Voluntourism with its key focus on “happy”, “casual”, and “fun”, instead, puts away intimidating burden and brings in add-on, interactive experience for each participant.

American psychiatrist William Glasser once said, “We are driven by five genetic needs: survival, love and belonging, power, freedom, and fun.” Recent years’ economic growth transformed the consumption pattern of urban Chinese residents from subsistence to a comfortable life. Thus, the shifting of people’s focus on survival to needs such as love, power, freedom, and fun. Voluntourism, therefore, speaks from its core to the application of this theory. Statistics shows that over 500 million Chinese travel domestically each year to rural areas where natural and humanistic landscapes are well preserved. Among them many are young professionals and college students–an inspiring younger generation who are at large much more socially conscious, open-minded, and well-educated than their father’s and grandfather’s. What if they can carry 1KG more books, stationery and other education related material to donate to schools and children along their journey? This primitive idea gave living water to Andrew’s good will to help on rural education.

The Secret behind 1KG: Open Sourcing Charity

1KG initiated with this simple and approachable idea–passing on 1kg of books or stationery to unprivileged kids that volunteers may meet while traveling. As it evolves, the key element of Communication was also added in. In addition to material help, volunteers also bring to the needy information of the outside world and help to build up kids’ self-confidence by talking to, playing with, and getting to know them. The interactive communication approach, in return, exposes volunteers on a deeper level to the local culture, education, economy and development demands. Most importantly, the experience helps to create a very special bond between the volunteers and the kids and their families, which may lead to continued relationship in the long run.

In less than 6 years after 1Kg’s official kick-off in 2004, “over 250 trips were planned by volunteers every year; more than 10,000 people have participated in 1KG’s trips; more than 600 rural schools covering most of the sightseeing spots in the rural area of China have been recorded in details and publicized on its website; At least 1 million people have felt the knock-on effect; Volunteer groups have been organized in almost all the major cities of China.” These are achievements that even amazes Andrew himself. As one of the fastest growing NGOs in China, what factors are contributing to 1KG’s significant growing momentum?

The borrowed phrase “Open source” can’t be more appropriate to reveal the secret. In the IT field, it basically means to open the source code for the aim of enabling “a self-enhancing diversity of production models, communication paths, and interactive communities”. The open source model includes “the concept of concurrent yet different agendas and differing approaches in production, in contrast with more centralized models of development”.

1KG organizers have a practical idea to offer interested public and believe in the power of collaboration and collective wisdom as what Wikipedia had demonstrated to us. Having recognized its effective role as a designer, 1KG decided to focus on building and optimizing its interactive online community 1kg.org, providing user friendly platform so that scattered volunteers can search and implement essential data about rural schools, communicate with peers in interest groups and 1KG forum, share information on activities such as trips, teaching opportunities, fund-raising, and meet-ups. Instead of constraining the creativity of participants as most traditional NGOs do, 1KG opens it up. This is as if opening the source code to developers, enabling the maximum utilization of resources and expertise. Touched by 1KG volunteer Sicilia’s charity book sale, two volunteers named Bai Wei and David launched a mini-campaign in March 2009. The campaign calls for people who can’t participate in 1KG trips to pick ten kids out of a pre-defined list, sell ten children’s books to their family members and friends, have book buyers designate a book receiver out of the ten and write down wishful messages on the book, and then mail books to the kids. Successful examples such as this are constantly shared on 1KG’s website and many other online channels, inspiring more people to join the cause.

Design: Looking into a Sustainable Future

Andrew Yu has a dream. A dream that instead of being purely a charity project, 1KG will one day transform into a type of culture or lifestyle through which the brand can have a sustainable future. With much work ahead, his center of focus is set on “design”.

In the traditional sense, design is about “developing concept and making models for something new that will be made by someone else.” However, modern design goes far beyond that with a craving for experience. When applying the idea of “design” to 1KG, it helps tremendously to re-visit and re-define the role of charity organizers in a collaborative world. Having exhibited an open-source characteristic, 1KG poses even more challenging tasks than common causes for Andrew and his co-workers. How can the team help to deliver volunteers joyful and refreshing experiences time and time again? It is essential that adequate support on information, tools, and methodologies can be provided. Even more importantly, how can the team create an effective and efficient platform where volunteers may share meaningful experiences and get inspired? How can the team identify best practices from the community that will serve well for other volunteers? How can the team design mature processes for such best practices that will eventually enrich the 1KG brand?

“Sometimes knowing nothing is lucky”, Andrew once said. When he get started, he hadn’t even heard of NGOs; However, with a good eye and an open mind, Andrew was led accidentally onto the volunteer-driven approach, which later turned out to be quite a success. He possesses the right type of self-confidence and humility attributes which are deemed important from design and branding point of view. Going forward with a staying hunger and staying fool attitude, 1KG would most likely jump onto the right wagon and go on a sustainable track.

As a 1KG team member once said: “When every individual is involved, the world can be changed.” Let’s all wish Andrew and his team the best of good luck!

References:

[1] http://www.thinkcs.org/2010/01/chinese-corporate-philanthropy-index/

About the Author

Jia Liu (刘佳), Senior Coordinator at Global@TEDtoChina Group

Born in Hunan, China, Jia Liu is obsessed with food, culture, and languages. With an M.A. degree in Integrated Marketing Communication, she has marketing agency experiences in new media strategic planning and research for the B2B industry. Her ultimate passion lies in brand consulting with regards to health and sustainability. Currently she resides in Boston, selling localization services for a China-based outsourcing vendor.

Email: Global at TEDtoChina dot com
Blog: www.liujia.me

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Rebuilding Haiti with Ideas

To many of us, it was just an ordinary day. But to the 10 million Haitians basking in the warm afternoon sun, what happened on that eventful day was a nightmare that they could never wake up from.

January 12th, 2010.
16:53:10 local time.
Magnitude-7.0 earthquake.
Epicenter 25 kilometers west of Port-au-Prince.
Focus 10 kilometers underground.
33 aftershocks recorded.
200,000 estimated dead.

But numbers can’t measure the sorrow of this poorest nation in the Western hemisphere. Words can’t describe the pain of those buried in the rubble, waiting to be rescued. Relatives dialed frantically at a number that could no longer be reached. Children stared hopelessly into a future that is gloomy and bleak. It’s a story about the vulnerability and fragility of human beings as a race when facing the wrath of Mother Nature. It’s a story about the suffering and death of our fellow brothers and sisters.

But more than that, it is also a story about love. News coverage of the earthquake and the rescue efforts continues 24/7. #Haiti and various charity organizations remain as the trending topics on Twitter throughout the week. In less than a week’s time, text message donations have already surpassed 10 million dollars in the United States. What happened in Haiti was a natural catastrophe, but we didn’t allow it to turn into a human tragedy. In the midst of collapsed buildings and floating dust, we see the goodness of human heart, the collective strength of human community and our persistent hope for a better tomorrow.

TEDtoChina has also been trying to do our part by providing our readers with the latest updates regarding the earthquake, relevant information from TED.com as well as various ways to help the victims. During the first week since the earthquake, we have already published three articles related to the earthquake. They are (following articles are in simplified Chinese):

[粉丝行动] 海地大地震,参与援助的45种方式!
([Fans in Action] Haiti Mega-quake: 45 ways to offer your help.)

On January 14th (China local time), one day after the earthquake, TEDtoChina co-founder Oliver Ding published an article informing our TEDtoChina readers of the dire conditions in Haiti and the various ways that we can lend an helping hand. Haiti earthquake touched the heart of many Chinese people, because it was less than two years ago when millions of Chinese people had to grapple with the same kind of grievous situation when a magnitude-7.9 earthquake struck Sichuan, China.

In the article, Oliver recommends our readers pay a visit to the “Medicine without Borders” theme page at TED.com, an issue that is especially pertinent to the disaster relief effort at Haiti. At the same time, Oliver gives an update on the current situation in Haiti by republishing a CC licensed post from Global Voices Online (Original by Georgia Popplewell, translated into Chinese by Leonard). Most importantly, Oliver offers our readers a list of 45 charity organizations that are involved in the relief and rebuilding process, allowing our readers to extend their help even when they are thousands of miles away.

卡特拉格达:绘制抗击灾难、发展经济的地图
(Lalitesh Katragadda: Making maps to fight disaster, build economies)

On January 15th (China local time), we introduced our readers to a talk given by Googler Lalitesh Katragadda during last year’s TEDIndia conference. In this short talk, Katragadda gave an overview on the power of using Internet maps to fight disasters and build economies. Shortly after the earthquake, Google Maps started to provide its users with post-earthquake satellite images of Haiti (http://www.crunchgear.com/2010/01/14/good-for-google-satellite-pics-of-devastated-haiti-added-to-earthmaps/) – a true testament to the relevance of Katragadda’s talk and the potential of using new technologies in humanitarian efforts. A Chinese translation of the talk is kindly provided by our team member Yu Kai (余恺).

[TED大奖] 以人为本,用建筑抚平伤痛
([TED Prize] A people-oriented approach: Build to heal.)

One of the most important questions to ask about the relief effort in Haiti is what will happen when the cameras go away, when Haiti is no longer in the news 24/7, when this disaster merely becomes part of our collective memory. Who will help Haitians rebuild their own country and more importantly, how should Haitians do it? To address at least part of the problem, on January 17th our team member Yvette Wang (王烨) wrote a wonderful article on the use of open-source architecture to provide long-term sustainable help to disaster-stricken regions and to heal the emotional and psychological wounds of disaster victims.

Open-source Architecture Network (OAN) is a concept introduced by 2006 TED Prize winner Cameron Sinclair. According to Sinclair, the objective of OAN is “to develop a community that actively embraces innovative and sustainable design to improve the living conditions for everyone”. In fact, as Yvette pointed out in the article, the concept of OAN has been successfully adopted in the post-disaster construction effort across different regions such as China, Nepal, India and Pakistan. We definitely hope to see the blossoming of OAN in the Haiti reconstruction process as well.

These are just three Haiti-related articles published on TEDtoChina over the past couple of days. It is, however, not the end, but merely an beginning. Every member at TEDtoChina will stay committed to the relief effort at Haiti by continuing to spread ideas that are instrumental in helping Haitians rebuild their country. The power of individuals may be limited, but the power of ideas is not.

About the Author

赵林(Zachary Lin Zhao)
Senior Coordinator at Translators Service Group

Zachary Zhao was born in China, attended high school in Singapore and is currently studying at Colgate University in the United States. His first encounter with TED was an accident, an accident that he will never regret. Working as a volunteer for TED and TEDtoChina has transformed his life. He hopes to bring the ideas of TED not only to the Chinese people but also to everybody around him.

Email: OTP at TEDtoChina dot com

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Outstanding ghostwriting service crew more about the biographer for global scholars.

Isaac Mao / Sharism: A Mind Revolution

Isaac Mao (毛向輝) is a venture capitalist and blogger based in the People’s Republic of China. He is a co-founder of CNBlog.org, Director of the Social Brain Foundation and Vice Presient of United Capital Investment Group. Isaac Mao is a speaker of TEDxShanghai.

website: isaacmao.com

This article is available in Chinese at Yeeyan.com and TEDtoChina Chinese version website.

With the People of the World Wide Web communicating more fully and freely in Social Media while rallying a Web 2.0 content boom, the inner dynamics of such a creative explosion must be studied more closely. What motivates those who join this movement and what future will they create? A key fact is that a superabundance of community respect and social capital are being accumulated by those who share. The key motivator of Social Media and the core spirit of Web 2.0 is a mind switch called Sharism. Sharism suggests a re-orientation of personal values. We see it in User Generated Content. It is the pledge of Creative Commons. It is in the plans of future-oriented cultural initiatives. Sharism is also a mental practice that anyone can try, a social-psychological attitude to transform a wide and isolated world into a super-smart Social Brain.

THE NEURON DOCTRINE

Sharism is encoded in the Human Genome. Although eclipsed by the many pragmatisms of daily life, the theory of Sharism finds basis in neuroscience and its study of the working model of the human brain. Although we can’t entirely say how the brain works as a whole, we do have a model of the functional mechanism of the nervous system and its neurons. A neuron is not a simple organic cell, but a very powerful, electrically excitable biological processor. Groups of neurons form vastly interconnected networks, which, by changing the strength of the synapses between cells, can process information, and learn. A neuron, by sharing chemical signals with its neighbors, can be integrated into more meaningful patterns that keep the neuron active and alive. Moreover, such a simple logic can be iterated and amplified, since all neurons work on a similar principle of connecting and sharing. Originally, the brain is quite open. A neural network exists to share activity and information, and I believe this model of the brain should inspire ideas and decisions about human networks.

Thus, our brain supports sharing in its very system-nature. This has profound implications for the creative process. Whenever you have an intention to create, you will find it easier to generate more creative ideas if you keep the sharing process firmly in mind. The idea-forming-process is not linear, but more like an avalanche of amplifications along the thinking path. It moves with the momentum of a creative snowball. If your internal cognitive system encourages sharing, you can engineer a feedback loop of happiness, which will help you generate even more ideas in return. It’s a kind of butterfly- effect, as the small creative energy you spend will eventually return to make you, and the world, more creative.

However, daily decisions for most adults are quite low in creative productivity, if only because they’ve switched off their sharing paths. People generally like to share what they create, but in a culture that tells them to be protective of their ideas, people start to believe in the danger of sharing. Then Sharism will be degraded in their mind and not encouraged in their society. But if we can encourage someone to share, her sharing paths will stay open. Sharism will be kept in her mind as a memory and an instinct. If in the future she faces a creative choice, her choice will be, “Share.”

These mind-switches are too subtle to be felt. But since the brain, and society, is a connected system, the accumulation of these micro-attitudes, from neuron to neuron and person to person, can result in observable behavior. It is easy to tell if a person, a group, a company, a nation is oriented toward Sharism or not. For those who are not, what they defend as “cultural goods” and “intellectual property” are just excuses for the status quo of keeping a community closed. Much of their “culture” will be protected, but the net result is the direct loss of many other precious ideas, and the subsequent loss of all the potential gains of sharing. This lost knowledge is a black hole in our life, which may start to swallow other values as well.

Non-sharing culture misleads us with its absolute separation of Private and Public space. It makes creative action a binary choice between public and private, open and closed. This creates a gap in the spectrum of knowledge. Although this gap has the potential to become a valuable creative space, concerns about privacy make this gap hard to fill. We shouldn’t be surprised that, to be safe, most people keep their sharing private and stay “closed.” They may fear the Internet creates a potential for abuse that they can’t fight alone. However, the paradox is: The less you share, the less power you have.

NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND THE RISE OF SHARISM

Let’s track back to 1999, when there were only a few hundred pioneer bloggers around the world, and no more than ten times that many readers following each blog. Human history is always so: something important was happening, but the rest of the world hadn’t yet realized it. The shift toward easy-to-use online publishing triggered a soft revolution in just five years. People made a quick and easy transition from reading blogs, to leaving comments and taking part in online conversations, and then to the sudden realization that they should become bloggers themselves. More bloggers created more readers, and more readers made more blogs. The revolution was viral.

Bloggers generate lively and timely information on the Internet, and connect to each other with RSS, hyperlinks, comments, trackbacks and quotes. The small-scale granularity of the content can fill discrete gaps in experience and thus record a new human history. Once you become a blogger, once you have accumulated so much social capital in such a small site, it’s hard to stop. We can’t explain this fact with a theory of addiction. It’s an impulse to share. It’s the energy of the memes that want to be passed from mouth to mouth and mind to mind. It’s more than just E-mail. It’s Sharism.

Bloggers are always keen to keep the social context of their posts in mind, by asking themselves, “Who is going to see this?” Bloggers are agile in adjusting their tone−and privacy settings−to advance ideas and stay out of trouble. It’s not self-censorship, but a sense of smart expression. But once blogs reached the tipping point, they expanded into the blogosphere. This required a more delicate social networking system and content- sharing architecture. But people now understand that they can have better control over a wide spectrum of relationships. Like how Flickr allows people to share their photos widely, but safely. The checkbox-based privacy of Flickr may seem unfamiliar to a new user, but you can use it to toy with the mind-switches of Sharism. By checking a box we can choose to share or not to share. From my observations, I have seen photographers on Flickr become more open to sharing, while retaining flexible choices.

The rapid emergence of Social Applications that can communicate and cooperate, by allowing people to output content from one service to another, is letting users pump their memes into a pipeline-like ecosystem. This interconnectedness allows memes to travel along multiple online social networks, and potentially reach a huge audience. As a result, such a Micro-pipeline system is making Social Media a true alternative to broadcast media. These new technologies are reviving Sharism in our closed culture.

LOCAL PRACTICE, GLOBAL GAIN

If you happened to lose your Sharism in a bad educational or cultural setting, it’s hard to get it back. But it’s not impossible. A persistence of practice can lead to a full recovery. You can think of Sharism as a spiritual practice. But you must practice everyday. Otherwise, you might lose the power of sharing. Permanently

You might need something to spur you on, to keep you from quitting and returning to a closed mindset. Here’s an idea: put a sticky note on your desk that says, “What do you want to share today?” I’m not kidding. Then, if anything interesting comes your way: Share It! The easiest way to both start and keep sharing is by using different kinds of social software applications. Your first meme you want to share may be small, but you can amplify it with new technologies. Enlist some people from your network and invite them into a new social application. At first it might be hard to feel the gains of Sharism. The true test then is to see if you can keep track of the feedback that you get from sharing. You will realize that almost all sharing activities will generate positive results. The happiness that this will obtain is only the most immediate reward. But there are others.

The first type of reward that you will get comes in the form of comments. Then you know you’ve provoked interest, appreciation, excitement. The second reward is access to all the other stuff being shared by friends in your network. Since you know and trust them, you will be that much more interested in what they have to share. Already, the return is a multiple of the small meme you first shared. But the third type of return is more dramatic still. Anything you share can be forwarded, circulated and republished via other people’s networks. This cascade effect can spread your work to the networked masses.

Improvements in social software are making the speed of dissemination as fast as a mouse-click. You should get to know the Sharism-You. You’re about to become popular, and fast

This brings us to the fourth and final type of return. It has a meaning not only for you, but for the whole of society. If you so choose, you may allow others to create derivative works from what you share. This one choice could easily snowball into more creations along the sharing path, from people at key nodes in the network who are all as passionate about creating and sharing as you are. After many iterative rounds of development, a large creative work may spring from your choice to share. Of course, you will get the credit that you asked for, and deserve. And it’s okay to seek financial rewards. But you will in every case get something just as substantial: Happiness.

The more people who create in the spirit of Sharism, the easier it will be to attain well- balanced and equitable Social Media that is woven by people themselves. Media won’t be controlled by any single person but will rely on the even distribution of social networking. These “Shaeros” (Sharing Heroes) will naturally become the opinion leaders in the first wave of Social Media. However, these media rights will belong to everyone. You yourself can be both producer and consumer in such a system.

SHARISM SAFEGUARDS YOUR RIGHTS

Still, many questions will be raised about Sharism as an initiative in new age. The main one is copyright. One concern is that any loss of control over copyrighted content will lead to noticeable deficits in personal wealth, or just loss of control. 5 years ago, I would have said that this was a possibility. But things are changing today. The sharing environment is more protected than you might think. Many new social applications make it easy to set terms-of-use along your sharing path. Any infringement of those terms will be challenged not just by the law, but by your community. Your audience, who benefit form your sharing, can also be the gatekeepers of your rights. Even if you are a traditional copyright holder, this sounds ideal.

Furthermore, by realizing all the immediate and emergent rewards that can be had by sharing, you may eventually find that copyright and “All Rights Reserved” are far from your mind. You will enjoy sharing too much to worry about who is keeping a copy. The new economic formula is, the more people remix your works, the higher the return.

I want to point out that Sharism is not Communism, nor Socialism. As for those die- hard Communists we know, they have often abused people’s sharing nature and forced them to give up their rights, and their property. Socialism, that tender Communism, in our experience also lacked respect for these rights. Under these systems, the state owns all property. Under Sharism, you can keep ownership, if you want. But I like to share. And this is how I choose to spread ideas, and prosperity

Sharism is totally based on your own consensus. It’s not a very hard concept to understand, especially since copyleft movements like the Free Software Foundation and Creative Commons have been around for years. These movements are redefining a more flexible spectrum of licenses for both developers and end-users to tag their works. Because the new licenses can be recognized by either humans or machines, it’s becoming easier to re-share those works in new online ecosystems.

THE SPIRIT OF THE WEB, A SOCIAL BRAIN

Sharism is the Spirit of the Age of Web 2.0. It has the consistency of a naturalized Epistemology and modernized Axiology, but also promises the power of a new Internet philosophy. Sharism will transform the world into an emergent Social Brain: a networked hybrid of people and software. We are Networked Neurons connected by the synapses of Social Software.

This is an evolutionary leap, a small step for us and a giant one for human society. With new “hairy” emergent technologies sprouting all around us, we can generate higher connectivities and increase the throughput of our social links. The more open and strongly connected we social neurons are, the better the sharing environment will be for all people. The more collective our intelligence, the wiser our actions will be. People have always found better solutions through conversations. Now we can put it all online.

Sharism will be the politics of the next global superpower. It will not be a country, but a new human network joined by Social Software. This may remain a distant dream, and even a well-defined public sharing policy might not be close at hand. But the ideas that I’m discussing can improve governments today. We can integrate our current and emerging democratic systems with new folksonomies (based on the collaborative, social indexing of information) to enable people to make queries, share data and remix information for public use. The collective intelligence of a vast and equitable sharing environment can be the gatekeeper of our rights, and a government watchdog. In the future, policymaking can be made more nuanced with the micro-involvement of the sharing community. This “Emergent Democracy” is more real-time than periodical parliamentary sessions. It will also increase the spectrum of our choices, beyond the binary options of “Yes” or “No” referenda. Representative democracy will become more timely and diligent, because we will represent ourselves within the system.

Sharism will result in better social justice. In a healthy sharing environment, any evidence of injustice can get amplified to get the public’s attention. Anyone who has been abused can get real and instant support from her peers and her peers’ peers. Appeals to justice will take the form of petitions through multiple, interconnected channels. Using these tools, anyone can create a large social impact. With multiple devices and many social applications, each of us can become more sociable, and society more individual. We no longer have to act alone.

Emergent democracy will only happen when Sharism becomes the literacy of the majority. Since Sharism can improve communication, collaboration and mutual understanding, I believe it has a place within the educational system. Sharism can be applied to any cultural discourse, CoP (Community of Practice) or problem-solving context. It is also an antidote to social depression, since sharelessness is just dragging our society down. In present or formerly totalitarian countries, this downward cycle is even more apparent. The future world will be a hybrid of human and machine that will generate better and faster decisions anytime, anywhere. The flow of information between minds will become more flexible and more productive. These vast networks of sharing will create a new social order−A Mind Revolution!

There is smooth to learn adequately taking advantage of a paper writing assistance of an exotic read scripting ghostwriting service.